Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty

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Everest Base Camp Trek falls in the moderately difficult trek, your prior experience becomes helpful but not mandatory. It means people of different ages, sizes, and shapes can complete this journey without much difficulty if they have a perfect level of fitness.

Trekking the foothill of Everest is one of the dream destinations worldwide. Every year thousands of trekkers and adventure seekers reach the Khumbu region.

Spending around two weeks surrounding the mighty peaks and exploring the lifestyle of the Sherpas becomes a lifetime memory. However, trekking may depend upon a variety of things as geography, time, energy, fitness, and more.

The journey to the base of Everest is certainly glorious and memorable that offers a lifetime experience but you may face some inconvenience, hurdles, and difficulties due to various reasons.

What makes Everest Base Camp Trek Difficult?

1. Elevation and Altitude of the trek

everest base camp trek 16 days

Kathmandu is situated at 1,350m (4,429 ft) from sea level. The trekkers from the sea level find great change as they land in Kathmandu. Landing Lukla 2,850m (9,350ft) changes the altitude in the doubled way.

The highest point of the journey is Kala Patthar elevating 5,550m (18,208ft).

Throughout the trek, your altitude changes 500m to 700m each day. So, this may make your journey difficult.

Next, as we hike upwards, the layer or density of oxygen in the air decreases. This may lead to Acute Mountain Sickness to anyone regardless of age gender or fitness level.

You can avoid such symptoms ascending gradually acclimatizing to the changing climate. So, we organize the Everest Base Camp Trek keeping two extra days in Namche Bazaar and Dingboche that help you to be adjusted to the alpine and arctic atmosphere.

2. Duration/Length of the trek

Duration Length for Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest Base Camp Trek depends upon the trekking routes and the number of acclimatization days.

The total distance of the trek is 130 kilometers. The total round journey from and to Lukla takes 14-16 days.

Trekkers should march12-15 km each day walking 6-7 hours a day.

Walking 4-5 kilometers an hour in the Himalayas following rocky and snowy terrain may be challenging. But walking gradually, marching at your own pace, letting your backpacks to your porters can avoid such hazards.  

3. Unpredictable Weather


It is not possible to trek Everest Base Camp throughout the year because of the climate and weather conditions.  In the winter, you will be affected by the heaps of snow and cool temperature. Next in the monsoon season, you may be disturbed by rain, landslide, or floods.

In these seasons, the chances of the cancellation of the flight from and to Lukla are higher.

The nights are cooler than that the daytime in the Everest region. The trekkers may surprise to see the ranges of temperature changes on the same day.

During midday, the temperature reaches 20-25 °C whereas, in the nighttime, it may dip down up to -20 °C within 24 hr.

As it is almost impossible to predict the exact weather condition in the Himalayas, it is better to follow your guide’s instructions.

4. Physical Fitness

Although this trek is a moderately difficult journey, you should pass several vistas, rough terrains, uphill and downhill, river gorges, rocky boulders, and some steeps as well. If you are not physically fit and do not have some pre-exercises, you may encounter some hazards.

Next, you should trek approximately 12 kilometers each day for 14 days. Completing this you may find inconvenience if your body is not trained properly beforehand.  

5. High Altitude Trekking

The starting point of Everest Base Camp Trek is either Jiri or Lukla. Flying Lukla and starting the journey is adventurous in itself because it elevates 2860m from sea level. Above 3,000m it is highly possible to be caught by Altitude Sickness. If ignored this, may become fatal.

Ascending gradually, you summit Base Camp 5,364m and further to Kala Patthar 5,550m above sea level. So, you need to walk slowly maintaining your own pace and acclimatizing yourself properly to the altitudes there around.

Ways to Overcome

‘Prevention is Better than Cure’

As already mentioned, Everest Base Camp Trek is a moderate trek that does not require extra energy and effort successfully. In the case of Acute mountain sickness and other serious hazards, their proper facility of Helicopter rescue saves the life of the trekkers. But you are suggested to be well prepared following the tips given.

  • Train your body to do cardiovascular activities like cycling, hiking, swimming, going to the gym, and ascending and descending your stairs.
  • Don’t rush. You are on vacation not in a marathon. Give sufficient time for acclimatization.
  • Research the different itineraries of the Everest Base Camp Trek. Choose the route and itinerary that you find comfortable.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water that helps to be free from Altitude Sickness. But drinking alcohol and smoking may add more challenges.
  • Trek with an experienced operator with a fully registered company that provides highly experienced guides and staff.
  • You are suggested to bring some extra calorie light food.
  • As the meat in the Himalayas may not be fresh, use vegetarian food only. Be conscious of uncooked food.
  • Leave plenty of space for the animals like Yaks, Mules, Ghokpes, donkeys on the way. You are suggested to lean upon the sidewall that saves you from pushing downhill. 

Alternative for EBC


Those trekkers who find Everest Base Camp Trek difficult can afford Everest View Trek, Everest Heli tour, and Everest Short Trek in the Everest region. These treks and tours are more comfortable and easier than Everest Base Camp Trek.

If you want more alternatives; Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Ghorepani-Poon Hill Trek, Gokyo lake Treks, Manaslu Circuit Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Mardi Himal Trek, Upper Mustang Trek, Machhapuchhare Base Camp Trek, and Jomsom Muktinath Trek can be the best options.                 

Roles of Guide and Porter


Trekking in Nepal offers you a lifetime, memorable and breathtaking experience. You will get the cultural uniqueness and natural beauty while trekking. For this, it is better to have guides and porter which makes your journey more comfortable and easier. These are the benefits of taking the guides and porters on the trek.

  • Guides navigate you in the better route.
  • Guides can modify your trek or handle emergencies if any occurred during the journey.
  • Porters carry all your belongings that make your journey burden-free.
  • Guides make your accommodation better as they know the lodges and teahouses around.
  • They know about the Permits and checkpoints. They handle everything about the paperwork. 
  • They help to maintain the proper pace and the place for acclimatization to reduce AMS problems.

Final words

One of the most demanded treks, Everest Base Camp offers you panoramic views of the Himalayas, mesmerizing landscapes, terrains, river gorges, a thrilling flight over snowy heaps, and diverse flora and fauna.

Having some preparations before the trek makes your journey more comfortable and easier. The checkpoints and maps on the ways make your journey safe. Using the internet in the teahouses on the way, you can communicate with your beloved ones.

Along with physical preparation, mental preparation is another factor to success in your journey. Be confident and start your journey, you definitely will complete it.

Krishna Sapkota

Krishna is a content writer and tour guide of Holy Mountain Treks. As a guide and a writer, he has paid a visit to almost all the touristic destinations in Nepal. He has also been to major Trekking termini in Nepal. By means of his personal knowledge and experiences, he responds all your interrogations, creates blogs, articles and develops itineraries for your trips.

Krishna has been working in tourism sector since 2017, as he was running his Masters' degree. Afterward the accomplishment of his graduation, he is fully keen in this industry.

Leave Your Comment

Debasish Nath | Sep 23, 2020

Nicely explained Thanks I visited EBC and like your guidelines

Comment Reply

Krishna Sapkota | Oct 22, 2020

Hello Debasish Greetings

Thank you for your affairmative response to our article. If you are eager to know more about the trek, Himalayas and more, please feel free to write. Thanks!!

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